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這12種食物不能當狗糧,汪星人吃了可能致命!

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這12種食物不能當狗糧,汪星人吃了可能致命!

發布日期:2018-11-12 作者: 點擊:

人類吃的食物都能喂給狗狗嗎?有些健康食品對人的身體有好處,對汪星人來說卻是致命毒藥,例如牛油果、大蒜、堅果等。《每日電訊報》列出了12種不能當狗糧的常見食物,狗主人們一定要牢記!

Avocado油果These fleshy green fruits contain a fungicidal toxin called persin which could give your dog a digestive upset. However, it’s the large avocado stone that presents most danger because it could potentially block the gastrointestinal tract, leaving your dog requiring surgery.

這些綠色肉質水果含有一種名為persin的殺菌毒素,會導致狗狗消化不良。不過,牛油果最危險的是其巨大的果核,它可能阻塞狗狗的胃腸道,需要通過手術取出。

Bones骨頭Contrary to popular opinion, bones are bad for dogs. Not only can they potentially choke your dog, they can cause blockages in the gut, intestinal damage and chipped or broken teeth.

與多數人的觀點相反,骨頭其實對狗狗有害。骨頭不僅可能會讓狗狗窒息,還可能導致腸道阻塞、腸道損傷和牙齒碎裂。

Bread dough生麵團The smell of unbaked yeasty bread dough could attract your dog’s attention but it should always be kept out of reach. If eaten, the dough could expand dangerously in your dog’s stomach, and the fermented yeast could become toxic.

未烘焙的發酵麵團的氣味能吸引狗狗的注意力,但要始終確保不要讓狗狗接觸麵團。如果麵團被狗狗吃下,可能會在胃中膨脹,這十分危險,而且發酵的酵母也有毒性。

Chocolate巧克力Chocolate and cocoa-based products contain a stimulating substance called theobromine which is extremely poisonous to dogs – the darker the chocolate, the greater the risk. Even a few ounces of chocolate could leave your dog with sickness, diarrhoea, dehydration, and high blood pressure, and the effect is potentially worse in small breeds. If your dog appears restless or agitated and you think chocolate poisoning could be the cause, contact your vet.

巧克力和可可類食物含有可可堿,這種刺激性物質對狗狗有劇毒。巧克力越純,危害越大。即使隻有幾盎司的巧克力,也會讓狗狗出現嘔吐、腹瀉、脫水和高血壓症狀,而小型犬的症狀可能更糟糕。如果你發現家裏的汪星人突然焦躁不安,而你猜測這可能是巧克力中毒引起的,那就聯係你的獸醫。

Caffeine咖啡因Any product with caffeine can have a similar effect on your dog to chocolate and could ultimately damage its heart. So, keep your coffee, teabags and fizzy drinks well away from inquisitive tongues.

不僅是巧克力,任何含咖啡因的食品都會對狗狗造成類似的傷害,最終還可能損害它們的心髒。所以,確保狗狗好奇的舌頭遠離你的咖啡、茶包和碳酸飲料。

Dairy products乳製品Many dogs find it difficult to digest the lactose in milk, butter and cheese because they don’t produce enough of the enzyme, lactase. The effects can range from a mild tummy upset to an irritating skin allergy.

許多狗難以消化牛奶、黃油和奶酪中的乳糖,因為它們體內不能產生足夠的乳糖分解酶。乳糖不耐受的症狀可以表現為輕微腹瀉、引起瘙癢的皮膚過敏。

Dried fruit果脯Raisins, currants and sultanas affect different dogs in different ways and scientists can’t work out why. However, experts agree that they contain chemical compounds that are potentially very toxic to dogs. At best, your dog could suffer from diarrhoea and vomiting and, at worst, dried-fruit poisoning could lead to kidney failure.

葡萄幹、醋栗和無核小葡萄幹對不同狗狗的影響不同,科學家無法弄清其中原因。但專家認為,這些果脯包含可能對狗狗有劇毒的化學物質。果脯中毒最輕可引起腹瀉和嘔吐,而最重可導致腎衰竭。

Fresh fruit鮮果Like dried fruit, grapes are highly toxic and should be kept away from your pet. The pips and stones of some fruits (such as apples, plums, peaches and cherries) contain a chemical called amygdalin, which can cause a digestive upset. Large fruit stones are also a choking hazard – particularly among puppies and small breeds.

像果脯一樣,葡萄毒性很大,應該讓你的寵物遠離。蘋果、李子、桃子和櫻桃等水果的種子和果核含有一種叫做苦杏苷的化學物質。這種化學物質會引起消化不良。大型果核還有窒息的危險,尤其是對於小狗崽和小型犬。

Garlic and onion大蒜和洋蔥Members of the allium family (including garlic, leeks and onions) contain a substance called organosulfides which could affect your dog’s red blood cells – too much garlic or onion (either raw or cooked) could ultimately lead to anaemia. The symptoms take a few days to appear so if your dog appears sleepy and lethargic, head straight to your vet.

大蒜、韭菜、洋蔥等蔥屬植物含有一種有機硫化物,可能破壞狗狗的血紅細胞——攝入過量大蒜或洋蔥(生或熟)會導致貧血。但症狀需要幾天才會出現,所以如果你的汪星人突然出現困倦和嗜睡的情況,直接去看獸醫吧!

Nuts堅果Nuts are high in fat and should be avoided by dogs but the most toxic of all are macadamia nuts. They can cause vomiting, increased temperature, tremors and a rapid heart beat.

堅果的脂肪含量很高,不應該給狗狗吃。而毒性最大的堅果是夏威夷果。夏威夷果能導致嘔吐、體溫升高、顫抖和心跳加快。

(轉載自中國日報網英語點津,寵物醫院:www.fumaovet.com)

Xylitol木糖醇This artificial sweetener is used in sweets, cakes, toothpaste and chewing gum and has a laxative effect on humans. For dogs, though, an excess of xylitol could prove fatal because it kickstarts a rapid release of the hormone insulin. Too much insulin affects the amount of glucose (sugar) in your dog’s blood which, in turn, could cause seizures and affect your pet’s liver. The symptoms of xylitol poisoning include weakness, vomiting and a lack of co-ordination, and it requires urgent veterinary attention.

這種人造甜味劑用於糖果、糕點、牙膏和口香糖中,對人體有通便作用。然而,對狗來說,攝入過量木糖醇可能會致命,因為木糖醇可以導致胰島素迅速分泌。胰島素過量會影響狗狗血液中的葡萄糖含量,結果可能會引發癲癇,損傷狗狗的肝髒。木糖醇中毒的症狀包括身體虛弱,嘔吐和四肢不協調,一旦中毒需要立即找獸醫治療。


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